Music and Staying in School
High absenteeism and low levels of engagement are often a significant issue in many schools lacking arts and music education. (1-3)
When integrated in the curriculum, musical study has the potential to reduce dropout rates by increasing student motivation and engagement through the infusion of creativity in the learning environment. (4-7)
Schools that foster music education boast significantly higher attendance and graduation rates, and taking a music elective course has been known to be a better indicator of college completion than a high grade point average. (4,8)
Most strikingly, arts-engaged students from challenged socio-economic backgrounds are more likely than their non-arts-engaged peers to have attended and done well in college. (9)
- Balfanz, R., Bridgeland, J.M., Moore, L.A., & Fox, J.H. (2010). Building a grad nation: Progress and challenge in ending the high school dropout epidemic. Washington, DC: America’s Promise Alliance
- Bridgeland, J.M., Dilulio, JJ. & Morison, K.B. (2006). The silent epidemic: Perspectives of high-school dropouts. Washington, DC: Civic Enterprises.
- Pytel, B. (2008). Predicting dropouts: Middle school data foretells who will drop out.
- Heath, S. B., Soep, E., & Roach, A. (1998). Living the arts through language learning: A report on community-based organizations. Washington, DC: Americans for the Arts 2(7)
- Eleanor Chute, “Music and Art Lessons Do More Than Complement Three R’s”, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, April 13, 1998
- N.H. Barry, J.A. Taylor, and K. Walls, “The Role of the Fine and Performing Arts in High School Dropout Prevention”
- Barry, N., Taylor, J., & Walls, K. (1990). The Role of the Fine and Performing Arts in High School Dropout Prevention. Center for Music Research, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL
- Dr. Denise C. Gardner, Effects of Music Courses on Retention, Georgia Tech, 2000.
- Catterall, James S. (2009). Doing Well and Doing Good by Doing Art: The Effects of Education in the Visual and Performing Arts on the Achievement and Values of Young Adults. Los Angeles/London: Imagination Group / I-Group Books.